They are paid with the profits and benefits of the corporation. Dividends can be classified as ordinary or qualified. While ordinary dividends are taxable as ordinary income, qualifying dividends that meet certain requirements are taxed at lower capital gain rates. An official website of the United States Government.
If your dividends are ordinary (unqualified) dividends, they will be taxed at your marginal tax rate on regular income. You can avoid paying taxes on your capital gains by deducting your losses, seeking other tax deductions, or donating shares to charities. Another method is to open a tax-advantaged brokerage account, such as an IRA, where you can defer taxes paid until you are in a lower tax bracket when withdrawing funds from the account. This is true regardless of the investor's tax bracket, although the biggest savings are achieved by investors in the two upper brackets, where the difference in tax rates between the two types of dividends can reach up to 20%.
Possession, the corporation is eligible for the benefits of a comprehensive income tax treaty with the United States, or the shares can be easily traded on an established securities market in the United States. Ordinary income tax rates range from 10% to 37%, while the long-term capital gains tax rate is capped at 20%. One way to minimize the taxes that are paid on dividends is to try to have qualified dividends, those that incur a lower tax rate than unqualified dividends. Most states tax dividends as normal income, so you'll pay the same rate on dividends as for the rest of your income.
Ordinary dividends are taxed as ordinary income in accordance with the taxpayer's marginal and regular tax bracket.